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Fold Expression in C++17

Updated: Nov 9, 2022

A fold expression is an instruction for the compiler to repeat the application of an operator over a parameter pack. This is especially useful when you need to apply the same operator to a set of arguments, but you are unsure of the number. For instance, the sum of N numbers is a common operation used in many scenarios. But what if you are unsure of the N? This is a situation where we can use fold expressions.


template<typename... Args>
auto sum(Args... arg)
    return (arg + ... );

int main()
    int total = sum(1, 2, 3, 4);
    std::cout<<"Sum = " << total;
    return 0;

The expression follows left associativity if the folding expression is used as (... +arg ) and right associativity if it is used as (arg + ... );

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